Critical Care Medicine
Intensive Care Medicine or Critical Care Medicine is a branch of medicine concerned with the provision of life support or organ support systems in patients who are critically ill and who usually require intensive monitoring.
Critical care medicine is a relatively new but increasingly important medical specialty. Physicians, Nurses or Paramedics who have training in critical care medicine are referred to as intensivists. The specialty requires additional fellowship training for physicians who complete their primary residency training in internal medicine, anesthesiology, or surgery. Intensivists–physicians with a primary training in internal medicine–sometimes pursue combined fellowship training in another subspecialty such as pulmonary medicine, cardiology, infectious disease, or nephrology.
Medical research has repeatedly demonstrated that ICU care provided by intensivists produces better outcomes and more cost effective care.